Concisely explores important topics that you need to understand to get the most out of Satori Reader, with an emphasis on clear example sentences. (Ongoing)
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Takes up a special use of suru that turns up in expressions like oto ga suru, ki ga suru, and many more.
Notes: Also considers the question about the proverbial tree falling in the lonesome forest.
Applies what we have learned in previous lessons to adverbial phrases, allowing you to talk about "running like the wind" or "eating like a horse."
Notes: Also considers you ni following full clauses, allowing you to create phrases like, "as I explained yesterday..."
Builds on our previous discussions of you to introduce a new function: reporting information the speaker believes is reliable.
Notes: Also contains a lengthy note that breaks down the different permutations of past and present in "it seems" sentences.
Eases into this topic by exploring a simple pattern that works everywhere, then introduces a new verb form that acts as a shortcut.
Notes: Also includes a comparison of similar verbs that conjugate differently.
Expands on tame ni by looking at how it can connect two phrases: a purpose, and an action undertaken for that purpose.
Notes: Also contains a discussion of when this pattern is appropriate and when it is not. These principles will be elaborated on in the next lesson.
Takes up the final big use of the multi-talented word you: to connect an action deliberately taken to an outcome that is not directly controllable.
Notes: Also compares and contrasts to the similar (phrase) tame ni (phrase) pattern.
Takes up the first and easiest of the four main ways to form the conditional in Japanese.
Notes: Also includes related patterns that this to appears in, such as the pattern for expressing a hope or suggesting a course of action.
Introduces the next of the big four conditionals.
Notes: Also includes a section on a special use of this conditional: "if it is X (that you mean / that you want to talk about)."
Introduces the causative and shows how to derive it from the dictionary form of any verb.
Notes: Also briefly considers the philosophical question: What really is the difference between causing and allowing?
Examines common combinations of the causative with the verbs of wanting, giving, and receiving.
Notes: Starts gently and works up to "We humbly receive your graciously allowing us to take the day off."
Looks at the last big use of the causative: speaking of making an intransitive verb happen, which essentially converts it into a transitive verb.
Notes: Also touches on an alternative form for the causative.
Looks at using sou phrases with na to describe a noun, and with ni to modify a verb.
Notes: Also looks at a pattern that appears to mean "doing a certain way" but which actually means "acting/behaving in a certain way.
Takes up a few special rules about using sou with yoi, nai, and when making negative conjectures.
Notes: Also considers the difference between "It looks like it is not very interesting" and "It doesn't look like it is very interesting."